Crop outlook

Summer and winter cropping forecasts for Queensland’s wheat and sorghum cropping industries are produced by QAAFI’s experts in the complex integration of spatial production modelling and climate forecasting. These crop outlooks are available for free to view and download by growers.

Wheat outlook (winter)
QAAFI’s OZ-Wheat regional wheat yield forecasts are developed from climate data and modelling, remote sensing and historical data showing likely yield outcomes. They cover Queensland and northern New South Wales. The Oz-Wheat model is run from 1 October the year before sowing in order to account for the influence of the summer fallow on starting soil moisture conditions.

The current winter crop outlook for the state as a whole indicates a predicted median crop yield well below the long‐term expectation (19th percentile ranking relative to all years). This incorporates current soil water conditions and the seasonal rainfall outlook based on the southern oscillation index. There is however some variation within the state’s cropping region. While most parts of QLD’s cropping region have a very much reduced chance of this year’s wheat crop being above the long‐term median, most parts of CQ have an increased chance for an above median crop. Widespread above average rainfall is needed across all parts of the state’s cropping region during the next couple of months to improve the current below average wheat crop expectations across most of QLD’s southern regions.
Sorghum outlook (summer)
QAAFI’s regional sorghum crop outlooks cover Queensland and northern New South Wales and are based on cropping after winter fallow, sorghum modelling, actual climate data, up to the forecasting date and projected climate data.

This late in the 2018/19 sorghum cropping season, predicted average crop yield for north-eastern Australia’s (NEAUS) summer cropping region has converged to 2.38 t/ha, which is close to the lowest on record (1st percentile) over the long-term. Very little variation exists across almost the entire NEAUS region with all regions having a forecast median yield falling in the bottom 5th percentile relative to all years. The recent very much below average rainfall recorded during February in the entire summer cropping region has further diminished crop yield prospects to very much below or lowest on record for some shires for the 2018/19 sorghum cropping season. The exception is for parts of southern NNSW, which have a close to average crop yield expectation. This crop outlook is based on a crop-free (short fallow) practice through the winter season and therefore areas with longer fallow practices are likely to have better yield prospects.

Paddock watch

Paddock Watch allows producers to directly input crop locations on their properties each season, to be used inside an automated prediction framework. Computer simulation and satellite imagery is then used to map crop production estimates at a regional scale across the State. 

Learn more and register

About the researcher

QAAFI’s Dr Andries Potgeiter produces regular seasonal outlooks for sorghum and wheat producers in Queensland. Dr Potgieter (left) obtained a Bachelor of Science (Hons, MSc) in Mathematical Statistics at the University of the Orange Free State in 1991 and completed his PhD in the use of remote-sensing technologies, discriminating between specific and total winter cropping areas across regions and seasons, at the University of Southern Queensland, Australia in 2009. Before coming to QAAFI in 2010, Dr Potgeiter worked for the Queensland Government for more than 11 years as a senior research scientist. His main research interest is in the complex integration of spatial production modelling, climate forecasting and remotely sensed systems at a regional scale. In particular, his interest targets agricultural research that enhances the protifability and sustainability of spatial production systems through a better understanding of the linkages and interactions of such systems across a range of spatial (e.g. field, farm, catchment and national), and temporal (i.e. seasons to decades) scales. 


National Wheat outlook, July 2019 
Qld Wheat outlook, July 2019

National Wheat outlook, June 2019



National Wheat outlook, November 2018

Queensland Wheat outlook, October 2018, 905 KB
National Wheat outlook, October 2018, 327 KB

Queensland Wheat outlook, September 2018, 917 KB 
National Wheat outlook, September 2018, 503 KB

Queensland Wheat outlook,August 2018, 898 KB 
National Wheat outlook, August 2018, 856 KB

Queensland Wheat outlook, July 2018, 828 KB
National Wheat outlook, July 2018, 1.6 MB

Queensland Wheat outlook, June 2018, 834 KB
National Wheat outlook., June 2018, 1.29 MB

Queensland Wheat outlook, May 2018, 817 KB
​National Wheat outlook, May 2018, 945 KB


National Sorghum outlook, April 2018, 2.92 MB

National Sorghum outlook, March 2018, 847 KB 

National Sorghum outlook, February 2018, 823 KB 

National Sorghum outlook, January 2018, 801 KB 


Sorghum Outlooks 

National Sorghum outlook
December 2017, 808 KB 

National Sorghum outlook
November 2017, 861 KB

Wheat Outlooks 

National wheat outlook 
October 2017, 347 KB

Queensland wheat outlook 
October 2017, 980 KB

National wheat outlook
September 2017, 134 KB

Queensland wheat outlook
September 2017, 485 KB

National wheat outlook
August 2017, 430 KB

Queensland wheat outlook
August 2017, 896 KB

National wheat outlook
July 2017, 246 KB

Queensland wheat outlook
July 2017, 884 KB

National wheat outlook
June 2017, 148 KB

Queensland wheat outlook
June 2017, PDF file, 872 KB

Queensland wheat outlook
May 2017, PDF file, 879 KB

Sorghum Outlooks 

Regional Sorghum outlook
March 2017, PDF file, 861 KB

Regional sorghum outlook
February 2017, PDF file, 521 KB

Regional sorghum outlook
January 2017, PDF file, 912 KB


Regional sorghum outlook
December 2016, PDF file, 787 KB

Queensland wheat outlook
October 2016, PDF file, 898 KB

National wheat outlook
October 2016, PDF file, 684 KB

Queensland wheat outlook
September 2016, PDF file, 892 KB

Queensland wheat outlook
August 2016, PDF file, 887 KB

Queensland wheat outlook
July 2016, PDF file, 882 KB

Queensland wheat outlook
June 2016, PDF file, 888 KB

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